Knee pain affects everyone. It can due to numerous causes such as injuries or diseases that affect the joints and bones. Joint pain relief measures are categorized as home remedies, medical, and surgical. Medical pain relief measures include taking drugs for pain such as naproxen. It also includes treatment of any underlying conditions that contribute to knee pain. Examples include treatment of arthritis, osteoporosis, bone cancer, etc.
Surgical management includes directly managing the knee joints. This can include removal of any pain-causing factors like excess joint fluid, tumors, etc.
Home remedies are the primary pain relief measures for most types of knee pain. This is at the frontline of knee joint pain management.
The most common home remedies are:
Supportive devices such as kneepads and braces can help reduce the pressure on the knees. These devices can also help in strengthening the knees in order to carry out functions such as weight bearing.
Kneepads are placed over the kneecap. These help in reducing symptoms. These also help lessen the chances of further injury. Kneepads can be used to protect the knees against too much strain or from injuries. They typically absorb much of the pressure or impact on the knee structures.
Knee braces are applied in order to reduce the pressure on the knees. These primarily help support the knee structure in order to relieve pain and reduce further injury. These can also be worn as preventive measures against knee injury, such as in sports activities. These allow for continued knee mobility while reducing pain.
This is important to reduce the strain on the knees. However, prolonged inactivity is not advised. Even if pain is present, movement is still advised. In cases such as osteoarthritis, inactivity will cause the joints to stiffen and cause more pain and complications.
Strengthening adjacent muscles such as the quadriceps will result in greater support to the knee joints. This can help alleviate pain, especially if it comes from weakened knees. This is also helpful if the cause of knee joint pain is due to the knees doing or carrying more than they can handle.
Regular exercise may also help in slowing down certain disease progression that causes knee pain, such as osteoporosis and arthritis. If the knee is still very painful, water exercises can be helpful. This type of exercise reduces the strain or weight on the knees while building up their strength.
Some herbs can help in joint pain relief through various means. Some compounds can help in reducing inflammation, in strengthening bone and cartilage health, or in promoting better blood flow to the knee joints.
Herbs for pain relief can be used topically (rubbed over the knee area) or taken internally (drank as tea, a concoction, or added to water or food). Examples are:
- Topical use
Eucalyptus essential oil
Lavender essential oil
Ginger – pounded and placed over the knee as part of the hot compress or added to the bath
Red pepper – used as lotion
Celery – as tincture
Chamomile – as tea
Geranium – as tea
Devil’s claw – in pill or tablet form
Prickly ash – as tea